South Africa has the largest known gold reserves in the world. Estimated to be around 40000 tons, this country cradles 40-50 % of the global gold reserves. Mining is perhaps the biggest industry of South Africa, and the nation’s economy basically depends upon it.
Witwatersrand is the largest and famous gold reserve in South Africa. It all started way back in 1867, when a diamond was accidentally discovered on the bank of the Orange River. Thousands and thousands of native as well as foreign people rushed to the diamond and gold fields to profit from this business. The gold mining industry has flourished since then and continues to do so.
Gold mining was initially done in the same manner as mining copper, iron or other minerals. Thousands of diggers worked day and night to dig out gold, which was processed in traditional ways. Gold was smelted in the furnaces, just as iron or copper are smelted. The gold thus produced was used as jewelery or as barter for the exchange of other goods from other countries.
Gold was mined and melted to a limited extent because of its tedious nature.
The geological nature of South Africa is such that the gold though, is uniformly distributed, but is found deep down in low-grade ores. Employing traditional labor methods had a major